This article is the minimal configuration for a Squid transparent proxy with SSL Interception (or bump). We’re using CentoOS 7. This article is based on the good work at “https://www.sbarjatiya.com/notes_wiki/index.php/Configure_squid-3.3_in_transparent_mode_on_CentOS_7_with_SSL_bump” with a few minor changes/corrections.
Disable SELinux or put it in permissive mode. Squid works on odd ports. I will update this article later with a fix for that.
Install Squid and Apache. We want Apache to help share the client-side certificate:
yum install squid httpd
Backup and empty your “/etc/squid/squid.conf” file and replace the contents with the following:
#Enable quick shutdown shutdown_lifetime 0 seconds #Enable transparent proxy with SSL bump http_port 3120 intercept https_port 3128 intercept ssl-bump generate-host-certificates=on dynamic_cert_mem_cache_size=16MB cert=/etc/squid/ssl_cert/myCA.pem http_port 3129 ssl-bump generate-host-certificates=on dynamic_cert_mem_cache_size=16MB cert=/etc/squid/ssl_cert/myCA.pem # Log stuff #log_fqdn on logformat common %>a %[ui %[un [%tl] "%rm %ru HTTP/%rv" %>Hs %<st %Ss:%Sh access_log /var/log/squid/access.log.simple common #Configure SSL Bump for all sites acl broken_sites dstdom_regex icicibank.com hdfcbank.com acl monitor_domains dstdom_regex youtube.com facebook.com ytimg.com googlevideo.com ggpht.com acl monitor_domains2 dst 126.96.36.199 188.8.131.52 #youtube connect works over IP ssl_bump none localhost ssl_bump none broken_sites #Avoid bumping financial sites such as banks ssl_bump server-first monitor_domains #Bump facebook and youtube ssl_bump server-first monitor_domains2 #Since youtube bump fails with just domain also add youtube serverIP #Configure hostname visible_hostname proxy.agix.local #Configure logging of query terms strip_query_terms off #This will allow checking which youtube URLs were visited by user http_access allow all
Create your server certificate:
cd /etc/squid mkdir ssl_cert chown squid:squid ssl_cert chmod 700 ssl_cert cd ssl_cert openssl req -new -newkey rsa:2048 -sha256 -days 365 -nodes -x509 -keyout myCA.pem -out myCA.pem
Create your client side (web browser) certificate:
cd /etc/squid openssl x509 -in ssl_cert/myCA.pem -outform DER -out myCA.der
I’m not sure what this does but you need it:
openssl dhparam -outform PEM -out dhparam.pem 2048
Initialize the SSL certificate directory. The following error’d for me but still worked:
/usr/lib64/squid/ssl_crtd -c -s /var/lib/ssl_db chown -R squid:squid /var/lib/ssl_db/
systemctl enable squid systemctl restart squid systemctl status squid
Enable routing (ip forwarding). Create the file “/etc/sysctl.d/ip_forward.conf” and put the following contents into it:
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/ip_forward.conf
Add the firewall rules. In my case the default zone is “public” and the only zone i’m using. But you will need to apply the rules to whatever is the appropriate zone:
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=3128/tcp --permanent firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=3129/tcp --permanent firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=81/tcp --permanent firewall-cmd --add-service http --permanent firewall-cmd --add-service https --permanent #For masquerading: firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-masquerade
Note: the above ports allow squid to listen on both 3128 and 3129 and Apache (httpd) to listen on port 81. We want Apache listening on port 81 because 80 is reserved for Squid. We will use Apache to share the client side (web browser) certificate. Ie, tell your users to visit “http://proxy.agix.local/myCA.der” to get the certificate.
Note: The masquerading line above: If you had two interfaces (eth0 and eth1 for example) you might make eth0 in the “internal” zone, and eth1 in the “external” zone. For this example, we’re using just the one interface.
Add the following content to the file “/etc/firewalld/direct.xml”. Update the ethernet devices as appropriate. Mine are “enp0s3” but yours might be “eth0” for example:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <direct> <rule ipv="ipv4" table="nat" chain="PREROUTING" priority="0">-i enp0s3 -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 3128</rule> <rule ipv="ipv4" table="nat" chain="PREROUTING" priority="0">-i ens0s3 -p tcp --dport 443 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 3129</rule> </direct>
Reload the firewall:
Copy the client side certificate to the Apache document root:
cp /etc/squid/myCA.der /var/www/html/
Configure Apache to listen on port 81. Edit the file “/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf” and change the line:
systemctl enable httpd systemctl restart httpd
At this point you should be finished. Good luck.